PPDVP Gender Approach (PGA)

PPDVP developed a response plan for the findings of the 2012 Sexual and Gender Based Violence surveys.  A workshop of senior police and NGO’s was held in Auckland in early March 2014.  Details of the workshop have been published previously on this site.

The wall charts of the workshop are available in a PowerPoint at PGA PowerPoint (This is an 11 MB file)

Some of the charts describing the activities and the PGA approach are included againPPDVPMar14_SexGenderFC_L







and last, but certainly not least – here are the star performers who developed their country PGA responses






RSIPF Training charts for PPTAG

The RSIPF have made a series of training charts for use on domestic violence training.

This ATTACHMENT includes the full series of 12 charts.  It is published for PPTAG members to access.


PPDVP Programme Manager Cam Ronald will present a summary of training available through PPDVP at their Pacific Police Training Advisory Group (PPTAG) workshop in Brisbane on 28th April 2014.

The basic and advanced curriculum for investigation of domestic violence cases by police, as well as details of recent research projects such as the Sexual and Gender Based Violence Action Plan (PGA), some research on Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice (KAP) and the finds of a recent symposium on religion and culture will all be included.

Brief details of current developments with Tonga Police leading up to new legislation in Tonga on 1 July; the Fiji Women’s Crisis Centre Regional Training Programme for police staff; and updates to the investigation curriculum will be explained.

The PowerPoint presentation is available


Samoa workshop finds that church and culture can help to prevent domestic violence

The Samoa Observer reports on a recent workshop where the Congregational Christian Church of Samoa (C.C.C.S) presented to a workshop on Youth and Sexual Violence.

“The church vision of targeting the youth is to use them as advocates so they can take what they learn from here, and take it out to the community and share what they have learned from this workshop.” Organiser  Ms. Fruean said that technology is changing faster than the ability of families and communities to absorb those changes.

“We can also say that our culture and tradition is one of the barriers to stop the youth from speaking out. In some cases, parents are committing sexual violence towards their children, but there is that saying of respecting our parents, so that can be a barrier to stop children from talking.”

Other speakers included Ministry of Health officials Selaupasene Ualesi and Fa’aifoasu Moala. From Police, Junior Tofilau and Henifa Bryce also spoke.  Detective Sergeant Junior Tofilau is a member of the Samoa Police DV Team.

His manager, Superintendent Sina Tafua, was attending a regional symposium in Nadi on the issues of Religion and Culture over the time of the Samoa workshop.


Religion or culture or tradition never justifies the use of sexual and gender based violence.

A Regional Symposium convened by the PPDVP concluded their deliberations in Nadi on Friday 11th April.  72 participants from Police, NGOs and and the religious community from 18 countries heard a range of presentations on the potential barriers to effective change, blamed on interpretations on culture and religion to provide excuses for a lack of action, or to justify their  response to sexual and gender based violence.

Members of the symposium agreed that religion or culture or tradition never justifies the use of sexual and gender based violence.

An Accord was agreed.

The Accord will be presented to the Pacific Islands Chiefs of Police (PICP) annual meeting in Auckland in October 2014, seeking their commitment to  acknowledge and address the high rates of domestic violence in the Pacific and to urge them to champion the elimination of SGBV and to act with strong leadership in this regard.

Similar calls were made to the Religious and Traditional Leaders in the Pacific.

The Accord is available at this link.

The text of the Accord is


7 – 11 APRIL 2014




A Symposium on Culture and Religion was convened by the Pacific Prevention of Domestic Violence Programme (PPDVP)[1] in Nadi, Fiji from 6th to 11th April 2014. The Symposium assessed the impact of culture and religion in police practice in response to domestic violence. The Symposium was attended by Police, Non Government Agencies, Regional Organisations and civil society representatives from the Cook Islands, Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu, Tokelau Islands, Niue, Nauru, Vanuatu, Fiji, Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Palau, Guam, Federated States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, Australia, and New Zealand
Members of the Symposium agreed to develop their statement to be presented to the Pacific Islands Chiefs of Police (PICP) when they meet in New Zealand in October 2014.   The PICP provides the PPDVP with a mandate for action on domestic violence with the Pacific Police Services. [2]


Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is now widely recognised as a risk to human security and a potential destabilising factor for communities and societies alike. It remains pervasive across the Pacific, and as it is still considered a sensitive issue in most Pacific cultures, its prevalence often goes underreported. There is an urgent need to acknowledge the prevalence of SGBV in the Pacific at all levels of the community, whether occurring in the domestic context or during conflict and post-conflict situations.[3]

While accepting the differing contexts of the participating countries, delegates noted the importance of the positive levers of culture and religion, as well as the barriers, when addressing SGBV. Recognising the significance of this issue, symposium participants:

(a) Noted the 2007 Declaration of Partnership on Domestic Violence between the PICP and PPDVP, which is refreshed annually at the PICP Annual Meeting;

(b) Affirmed that Domestic Violence is a serious violation of human rights most affecting women.

For the purposes of this Accord, domestic violence is defined as

A person commits an act of family / domestic violence if he or she intentionally does any of the following acts against a family or household member or intimate partner: 

(a)   Assaults one or more of the above (whether or not there is evidence of a physical injury);

(b)   Psychologically abuses, harasses or intimidates the one or more of the above;

(c)    Sexually abuses one or more of the above;

(d)   Stalks one or more of the above so as to cause him or her apprehension or fear;

(e)    Behaves in an indecent or offensive manner to one or more of the above;

(f)     Damages or causes damage to one or more of the above’s property;

(g)   Threatens to do any of the acts in paragraphs (a) to (f).

To avoid doubt

(a)   A single act may amount to an act of family / domestic violence; and

(b)   A number of acts that form part of a pattern of behavior may amount to a family / domestic violence event, though some or all of those acts when viewed in isolation may appear to be minor or trivial.

(c) Concluded that culture provides no legitimate basis for gender discrimination nor any forms of abuse by men on women (and children) and that such abuse amounts to domestic violence. Although men are expected to protect and care for their women and children, use of these forms of abuse is unlawful and custom cannot be called upon to justify such conduct. When such conduct is brought to the attention of Police it should result in prosecution.

(d) Concluded that culture should not be used as an excuse for abuse and affirmed that the most influential way to address SGBV is to use culture in a positive way to promote gender equality in the Pacific.

(e)  Recognised the leadership of women in the elimination of violence in the Pacific and the actions they have taken over many years. This provides a platform for positive action on the negative influence that culture may provide in addressing SGBV.

(f) Concluded that religion should not be used as an excuse for abuse and affirmed that the most influential way to address SGBV is to use religion in a positive way to eliminate gender discrimination in the Pacific. Theological teaching does not justify gender inequality and men and women should occupy equal standing.

We call upon Religious Leaders:

To acknowledge and address the high rates of domestic violence in the Pacific and we urge religious leaders to champion the elimination of SGBV and to act with strong leadership in this regard. Religion or culture or tradition never justifies the use of sexual and gender based violence.

 We call upon Traditional Leaders:

To acknowledge and address the high rates of domestic violence in the Pacific and we urge traditional leaders to champion the elimination of SGBV and to act with strong leadership in this regard. Religion or culture or tradition never justifies the use of sexual and gender based violence.

We call upon Police Chiefs:

To acknowledge and address the high rates of domestic violence in the Pacific and we urge them to champion the elimination of SGBV and to act with strong leadership in this regard. Religion or culture or tradition never justifies the use of sexual and gender based violence.

And we Note that:

The Most Reverend Dr Winston Halapua (Diocesan Bishop in Polynesia) and the Reverend Dr Fele Nokise (Principal of the Pacific Theological College) join with and support the PPDVP Symposium and call for the empowering of all people to embrace and promote gender equality within the church and to eliminate all forms of discrimination and violence against women, and set a challenge for change to occur within religious organisations.

Dated at Nadi, Fiji this 11th day of April 2014


Signed on Behalf of the Symposium Participants by:

Cam Ronald – PPDVP Programme Manager

Inspector Samasoni Malaulau – PPDVP Programme Officer

Judge Peter Boshier – Symposium Facilitator

[1] The PPDVP is a joint initiative of the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the New Zealand Police, and the Pacific Islands Chief of Police.

[2] PPDVP PICP Declaration on Domestic Violence Wellington, 2007. http://www.ppdvp.org.nz/wp-content/media/2009/03/PICP-Declaration-of-Partnership.pdf

[3]Final Communiqué of 40th Pacific Islands Forum, Cairns.


Nga Vaka o Kāiga Tapu – the NZ Pacific cultural response to domestic violence

Participants at the Symposium in Nadi are examining the New Zealand frameworks for the pacific communities to see what parts can be applied in their countries.  The Framework is described as:

The framework: Nga Vaka o Kāiga Tapu
• is a conceptual framework for addressing family violence in seven Pacific
communities in New Zealand. It is informed by, and aligned with, the seven ethnic
specific conceptual reports on addressing family violence, and a literature review
• is intended as a guide for policy writers. It defines and explains meanings of
family, violence, and key concepts and principles that promote family wellbeing
for the seven ethnic specific communities
• along with the seven ethnic specific conceptual frameworks will inform the
development of a training programme to assist ethnic specific practitioners, and
service providers and non-Pacific practitioners working with Pacific victims(s),
perpetrator(s) and families affected by family violence
• takes a strengths-based approach. This approach begins with the premise that
wellbeing, peace and harmony are states that all Pacific people aspire to, and that
core aspects of culture are significant in maintaining and restoring wellbeing to
• is a relational framework underpinned by the belief that all people and things
are interconnected and interdependent. It brings together shared concepts
and principles that promote wellbeing across the seven ethnic groups, without
disturbing their essential meanings
• is a living document. As new knowledge is introduced to the ethnic specific
frameworks, Nga Vaka o Kāiga Tapu will also evolve.
The seven frameworks are
• grounded in key concepts, values and beliefs that are relevant and appropriate to
addressing violence in families living in diverse settings and circumstances
• not definitive or authoritative documents on any one cultural belief and practice,
nor are they intended to replace existing service provider and practitioner
The desire of the ethnic specific Working Groups is that their conceptual frameworks
assist their practitioners, service providers, and mainstream organisations in:
• their work with ethnic specific victims, perpetrators, and families who have been
affected by family violence
• grounding their experiences and knowledge in elements of their ethnic specific
culture in ways that are responsive and relevant to the diverse experiences of
Ongoing revision and evaluation of practice approaches ensure that the ethnic
specific frameworks and Nga Vaka o Kāiga Tapu are dynamic and relevant to the
lived experiences of families and individuals.

Country reports are available at:









Domestic Violence – Pacific Police address Culture & Religion

Seventy five representatives of Police and NGO’s from 18 countries are working together at a Pacific Regional Symposium at Nadi, Fiji from 6th to 11th April 2014 to consider how Culture and Religion can support changes to reduce the harm from domestic violence.

The findings will assist police and agencies to develop strategies that address the possible impediments that some people see, or use, to attempt to justify bad behaviour and attitudes around domestic and family violence.

The Pacific Prevention of Domestic Programme (PPDVP) is hosting a regional symposium to address these sensitive issues.  Police members and representatives of NGO’s, churches and other agencies and civil society will discuss and share their views around the cultural and religious beliefs which influence people’s behaviour.

Family Court Judge Peter Boshier will facilitate the symposium.  The key note speaker is Shamima Ali from the Fiji Women;s Crisis Centre.

Other key presenters include Fa’amatuainu Tino Pereira who chairs the New Zealand advisory group on pacific issues with the Ministry of Social Development; Ms Betty Sio who works with women at risk in Auckland; Senior Sergeant Kevin Kneebone of NZ Police who works with youth; the Most Reverend Winston Halapua of the Pacific Anglican Church, the Reverend Doctor Fele Nokise who heads the Theological College in Fiji, and Tevita Seruilimi of the Regional Rights Resource Team (RRRT).

A number of other respected experts in their fields of religion and culture will form various discussion panels.

The attendee list for the symposium has closed. The high number of participants reflects the strong interest in the topics and the projected discussions by police; NGOs; international organisations; regional and local agencies; church’s and the community.

Contact points for the Symposium are

PPDVP Programme Manager Cam Ronald – cam.ronald@ppdvp.org.nz and +64 21 645155

PPDVP Programme Officer and Symposium lead – Inspector Soni Malaulau  – soni.malaulau@ppdvp.org.nz  and +64 21 595645

PPDVP Gender Approach (PGA)

PPDVP has initiated work with the pacific police services to address equality, gender and human rights and to commence a change process around these issues.

Through a series of surveys in 2011 with Pacific Police staff, PPDVP has identified some attitudes and beliefs held by some police members which are not constructive to their approach to the duties, especially in management of sexual and gender based violence cases.


The Pacific Islands Chief of Police (PICP) considered these findings and in September 2013 invited PPDVP to develop a model which might be adopted in their police services to address some of the findings.


A workshop of senior police and NGO representatives from Samoa, Cook Islands, Tonga and Kiribati was held in Auckland from 3rd to 7th March 2014.




The participants looked at the findings of the surveys and considered a model, now known as the PPDVP Gender Approach (PGA) to assist them in their own countries, in a way that suits their own needs and environments.


They considered their plans at a Systems, Networks and Individuals level, and found the positive and negative influences and behaviours that needed to be enhanced or overcome.


Each country then developed their plan to work with police staff; police teams (such as stations); police service; and the community.

These plans are now being considered by the Chiefs of Police and the Community leaders in each country.

PICP will be briefed again in October 2014.

(The images in this post are from Reflection Graphics)


PPDVP receives NZ Rugby Players Association award

PPDVP has received the 2014 NZ Rugby Players Association award for “off field achievement” in recognition of the work of all the players and officials with PPDVP in carrying a non violence message to young men and boys in the pacific.

The NZRPA award reports which have been published are available at these two links – item one and item two

The NZ Police media statement is here 

Brainwaves charts for PJDP Cook Islands workshop

These charts are for those seeking them from the PJDP Workshop in the Cook Islands this week.

The two A4 files are smaller, the others about 3 MBs each

 Page 1 A4

Page 2 A4

Page 1 High

Page 2 High

Best wishes to all, and what a great three days – it is just amazing how much we covered and how wide and informed the discussions were


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